Japanese Americans — Forced removal and incarceration, 1942-1945 (revision)

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Revision to update terminology. Additions & revisions to the existing heading are highlighted.

010 __ $a sh 85069606
035 __ $a (DLC)sh 85069606
035 __ $a (DLC)67243
040 __ $a DLC $c DLC $d DLC
053 _0 $a D769.8.A6
150 __ Japanese Americans $x Forced removal and incarceration, 1942-1945 [new heading]
450 __ American concentration camps, 1942-1945 [new cross-reference]
450 __ $a Evacuation and relocation of Japanese Americans, 1942-1945
450 __ $a Internment of Japanese Americans, 1942-1945
450 __ Japanese Americans $x Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945 [previous heading]
450 __ $a Relocation of Japanese Americans, 1942-1945
550 __ $w g $a World War, 1939-1945 $x Evacuation of civilians $z United States
670__ Un-American : the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, 2016.
670 __ Power of words handbook : a guide to language about Japanese Americans in World War II, 2013 $b page 9 (Usage [of Evacuate/evacuation] to describe the forced removal by the federal government of over 110,000 Japanese and Japanese Americans from their homes on the West Coast and Arizona is not accurate. They were not “evacuated” to protect them from a disastrous environment […]. The words “forced removal” should be used instead, which more accurately describes the lack of choice provided to Japanese Americans who were ordered to leave their homes.) page 10 (The word incarceration more accurately describes those held in WRA camps. Incarcerate is generally defined as to confine or imprison, typically as punishment for a crime. This term reflects the prison-like conditions faced by Japanese Americans as well as the view that they were treated as if guilty of sabotage, espionage, and/or suspect loyalty.) $u https://jacl.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Power-of-Words-Rev.-Term.-Handbook.pdf
670 __ Densho [the Japanese American Legacy Project website], viewed online September 18 2018 $b Terminology page (Although “internment” is a recognized and generally used term, Densho prefers “incarceration” as more accurate except in the specific case of aliens detained in a separate set of camps run by the army or Justice Department.) $u http://densho.org/terminology/


2 Replies to “Japanese Americans — Forced removal and incarceration, 1942-1945 (revision)”

  1. Because “Evacuation and relocation” is a recurring subdivision (it’s not free-floating, but is used with different dates attached several times: “Italian Americans–Evacuation and relocation, 1942,” “Japanese–Peru–Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945,” “Ukrainians–Canada–Evacuation and relocation, 1914-1920” etc.), the justification that LC is likely to use for it is consistency with the other headings.

    So I think the proposal will be stronger if it anticipates this argument. That could be done by pointing out which other instances in which that phrase is used should also be changed to “Forced removal and incarceration” and including proposals for them too, and/or by explaining how this particular instance is categorically different from the others. If indeed it is–I’m not familiar enough with all of these events to know if *any* of them were actually a benign “evacuation” done for the safety of the people involved. I very much doubt it!

    1. Thanks for pointing that out, Tina, I hadn’t realized that. There are 15 headings that use this subdivision: 14 are during WWII, and one is during WWI. I’ve just looked at a few of them, but from what I can see I think there’s a decent case to be made for changing it to “forced removal” in all cases, though “incarceration” doesn’t fit all. I wonder if LC would be more inclined to approve if we proposed changing “Evaluation and relocation” to “Forced removal,” then proposed a second heading specifically for “Incarceration”.

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